Since I no longer have physical access to my main computer I can no longer just back up to a external firewire drive using SuperDuper! - well that and I'm also running NetBSD now, no longer OSX.

I'd already heard of and planned to use tarsnap and have discovered there are a lot of scripts already out there in addition to tarsnap generations to manage tarsnap backups. But since this is just for me and I'm not running a server hosting other peoples data, etc, weekly backups are fine and I don't need a monthly-weekly-daily scheme. All I really want is just to be able to restore my home directory should I screw up an upgrade (NetBSD 6.0 to 6.1 was painless).

So what I have is the following, which isn't even a script, just one line:

tarsnap --list-archives -v | sort -k 2 -r | awk '{ if (NR > 4) { system("tarsnap -d -f " $1) } } END { system("tarsnap -c -f `date +%s` /home/me/ /etc/") }'
  1. This gets a list of existing tarsnap archives using the verbose flag to get the dates of the archives as well.
  2. Which is then piped into sort, to sort based on date in reverse order
  3. In turn, this is piped into awk. If the row number is greater than nine it deletes that archive (so limiting to a maximum of ten at a time and avoiding this issue)
  4. And at the end it creates a new one using a timestamp as the name (archive names seem pretty irrelevant, just need something unique).

Run weekly via cron this gives me ten weeks of backups.

Whilst writing this post I thought of an alternative approach which is to do a weekly cron backup like so:

tarsnap -c -f `date +%s` /home/me/ /etc/

and then consolidate things down a bit on a monthly basis:

tarsnap --list-archives -v | sort -k 2 -r | awk '{ if (NR > 9) { system("tarsnap -d -f " $1) } }'

But I don't think there are any advantages to this. The data pruning will cost the same data-transfer wise (it's just all happening at once) and this also means paying for slightly more data storage between the monthly clean-ups.

EDIT: Need to escape % symbols in crontab. So the date bit above has to be date +\%s. See bmk's answer to "Unterminated Quotes String"